Carpal Tunnel Syndrome prevention methods are to be taken in consideration by every company, so do the companies are considering such prevention methods to prevent their employees from Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. According to a major survey, 84% have reported that they were modifying their equipments, their tasks and their process, 79% reported that they were buying new equipments and 83% have reported that they were analyzing their workstations and jobs.
There exists no single way of prevention method for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. The ergonomic methods can help to minimize the risk of work associated Carpal Tunnal Syndrome or other cumulative trauma disorders. There are some other prevention methods like adjusting your workplace or work in such a way the it puts less stress on hands and wrist. Even the exercises those strengthen the fingers, wrists, forearms, hands, shoulders and the neck can help to prevent Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. However there is no evidence that doing the above mentioned things can provide complete prevention from Carpal Tunnal Syndrome.
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome can be prevented using the study of ergonomics, which is the study and control of stress, motion, posture etc., The repetitive activities of a person that causes inflammation in the wrist and hand can be prevented by simply altering the way he performs them. For example going for an ergonomic chair can let a person to sit in neutral posture.
Taking short breaks can also prevent Carpal Tunnal syndrome. A person does repetitive tasks should go for short warm-up period, take frequent break periods and there by avoiding over effort on the finger muscles and hand.
The key cause of Carpal Tunnal Syndrome is posture so utmost care is to be taken to have perfect neutral posture especially for those who are in typing jobs and computer jobs. A keyboard user should sit in such a way that the spine should be against the back of the chair, the shoulders should be relaxed, the elbows should be along the sides of the body, the wrists should be straight and the feet be firmly placed on the floor or on a footrest. The keyboard should be placed within the eye level, so that the neck does not bend over the work. This will help to keep the neck flexible and head remains upright, which maintains circulation and nerve function to the arms and hands. If the office furniture is not ergonomic then it may lead to improper posture, which ultimately lead to Carpal Tunnal Syndrome.
Another key cause of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is Forceful usage of fingers and hands. The extra force exerted on the fingers, hands and wrist can lead to repetitive tasks which ultimately leads to Carpal Tunnal Syndrome. The tools and tasks should be designed in such a way that the wrist position is same as that when they are in relaxed position will avoid the risk of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. There should be no task such that the wrist for long periods stay deviated from side to side or to remain flexed or highly extended.
Psychological Consequences of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome:
Carpal tunnel syndrome can lead to severe psychological consequences. Carpal Tunnal Syndrome makes a person unable to use his hand, there by he cannot do any work with that hand, which bounds to be depressed and suffer with low self-esteem. A worker suffering with CTS may have to lose his livelihood. The wrist pain if ignored can make the employee to work with poor performance. This disorder as not readily visible can make the coworkers harass them for not working with good performance.
This Carpal Tunnal syndrome can make the person to suffer from daily pain and loss of freedom at home. This can lead them to not even contributing to their family members, unable to drive the car and cannot even do small tasks like picking up some small things. This makes them still even more depressed, as they even have to give up their enjoyable hobbies and sports. The stress management techniques can help the patients to deal with such psychological and emotional aspects even the support groups for Carpal Tunnel syndrome can be a helpful in offering advice and exchanging information.
The keyboard users should exert less force on keys so that it doesn’t cause any damage to the fingers. To avoid excessive force on the keys the hands and wrists should be in relaxed position. A trackball device and a ergonomic keyboard can be an alternative to avoid Carpal Tunnal syndrome. A wrist rest for mouse and keyboard tray can be more helpful for avoiding the disorders. The people who use pencil, pen, steering wheels or ant tools for long periods should hold them loosely. The sensation in hands and fingers diminishes, if a person is working in low temperature conditions, so this should be avoided. Tools with textured handles should be used as the ability to feel the tool is important for applying the force appropriately. To avoid the vibrations the tools should be designed in such way that the vibrations are minimized.